Introduction to Photographs

Paspahegh Village Photo Album
Whittaker Site Photo Album
Artifacts Display Cabinet Photo Album         

Acknowledgements: Nickolas Luccketti of the James River Institute for Archaeology loaned us the original 200 plus slides taken during the archaeology work on our land and provided support in many other ways. We are also indebted to resident Bill Krebs for patiently making digital copies of these original slides. Earl Hopgood organized some of the photos into the three albums in this section and created the captions. Carlo LaFiandra took the ‘after’ pictures (see below).

Before and After: On the photo below, you should see a small box with two arrows inside superimposed on the photograph of the archaeology at the Paspahegh Village site. If you click on one of the arrows or, in some browser versions, on a vertical line above and below the box, you can slide a picture of the same site as it looks today over the original photo. Several photographs in the Paspahegh Village and Whittaker Site albums also have this feature. The painstaking work to match the photos of the archaeology with their present location that made the before-and-after photos possible was done by Governor’s Land resident Carlo LaFiandra. His attention to detail on this task is much appreciated.

We hope the photos will give you an appreciation of the careful, detailed, and extensive archaeology done on the eighteenth fairway as well as the urgency and pressure of the “salvage” work done on the first fairway.  The archeologists first “walk” a site for surface artifacts; then strip the area to reveal discolorations and stains in the base soil that identify human activity (Native structure post holes on the 18th Fairway; a well; graves on the 1st Fairway).  They then excavate those features for artifacts and evidence of what occurred there (European origin copper jewelry says the Paspahegh traded with the settlers; the outline of their village and other items tell us much about their diet, health and daily life).  The artifacts on display in the club were recovered in this way and help tell the story of those Native American and English settlements.


Paspahegh Village Photo Album: JC308 was the archaeologists’ designation for excavations at the site of the Paspahegh village. The photos include aerial views such as the one here and survey maps indicating the location of structures.


Whittaker Site Photo Album: Several years following an attack on the Paspahegh village by the English settlers in 1610, the Paspahegh abandoned the land. The Virginia Company took over our land in 1619 and designated it as ‘Company Land’ – land whose uses and profits were set aside to support the company and its investors. The Company ordered Jabez Whitaker to establish a plantation to develop farming income using newly-arrived indentured servants from England. Whitaker centered his plantation on what is now our 1st Fairway. Outbuildings and fields extended to our current Cypress Isle and Barret’s Pointe.

Stripping the site JC298


Artifacts Display Cabinet Photo Album: Some of the most interesting artifacts recovered during the excavations are displayed in the cabinet in the Cypress Room of the Two Rivers Country Club.

01 Display Case

08 Two Pipes